Tsaritsyn - Stalingrad – Volgograd is a great complex object of cultural and natural heritage. In Volgograd there are a lot of objects of archeological and historical heritage (historical memorials) of pre-revolution period of Tsaritsyn development. Volgograd is a picturesque city with a rich history. It is the largest historical and cultural center of the Lower Volga Region. Present-day Volgograd is one of the most beautiful cities in Russia. The city touches Volga River and Volga-Don Ship Canal in the south-west, due to which Volgograd has become a port of five seas. The center of contemporary Volgograd is formed by the system of squares and avenues allocated on one axis at right angle to the Volga River. Its megacity attracts tourists from all over the world. Volgograd is a Hero- city with the legendary pages of Stalingrad Battle.
Volgograd is one of the most beautiful ancient cities of Russia. It is located in the south-eastern European part of Russia. The city was built as a fortress on the right bank of the Volga. The date of birth of the city is July 2, 1589. The city is 90 km, and is the longest city in Russia. The total area of the city is 565 sq. km. There is an interesting and rich history in Volgograd with a lot of historical monuments, culture and architecture. Throughout its history the city has changed names three times. Tsaritsyn (from 1589 to 1925), Stalingrad (from 1925 to 1961) and from 1961 the city has been known as Volgograd. For more than 400 years, the city has experienced many historical events. Many battles have taken place for control: Stepan Razin captured the city twice in 1670, and in 1708 power passed into the hands of Kondrat Bulavin. In 1774 Yemelyan Pugachev tried to take the city by storm, and in 1918 there was a civil war. Volgograd is a proud city, and justifiably so. Famed for its dogged resistance against Hitler's invading forces under its former name, Stalingrad, it bore the brunt of the German onslaught between August 1942 and February 1943 and was awarded the title "Hero City" accordingly.
Sculpture "The Motherland Calls!"
This is a place that consciously strives to remember its past and celebrate its privileged position in the drive to industrialize and defend the motherland.
Wandering through the center, you are first struck by the abundance of street names and monuments recalling Soviet times. The city's main thoroughfare is called Prospekt Lenina, and streets named after Red Army generals, the divisions they commanded and the Soviet-era youth movement, the Komsomol, line the surrounding area. "The Motherland Is Calling," an 85-meter-tall sculpture that commemorates the Battle of Stalingrad, towers over the city and features prominently on the Volgograd region coat of arms.
Now Volgograd is the administrative center of the Volgograd region. This is the most important industrial, economic and cultural / historical center of Russia. In Volgograd, there is an airport and railway, and Europe’s largest river port. Two federal highways also pass through the city.
Volgograd is a major tourist center. It is a monument-city and a hero-city, visited by hundreds of thousands of Russian and foreign tourists. They are attracted by Volgograd’s nature, mineral springs and rest-houses, along with the rich and glorious history. There are many museums and monuments, with a vibrant culture and architecture.
Although the suburbs of Volgograd stretch out for dozens of kilometers, the center is relatively compact. Mamayev Kurgan is Volgograd's main vantage point. Today, this high ground is the home of the Heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad memorial complex, "The Motherland Is Calling" statue and the All Saints' Church. The cavernous hall of the memorial building is warmed by the eternal flame that rises from the ground beneath you and surrounded by plaque after plaque listing the names of the fallen.
Memorial complex "Heroes of the Stalingrad Battle" on Mamaev Hill
Alongside its historic attractions, the city boasts a burgeoning ecotourism industry. Visitors can savor the Volga-Akhtuba floodplains, the Elton salt lake and the Don River, all within a few hours of the city.
After visiting this city, you will have an unforgettable impression. The hero-city is waiting for you, to show you all of its power and beauty.
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