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Mariinsky Theatre - Mariinsky II (Saint Petersburg)

The Mariinsky II had been opened in May 2013 with three days of festivities to commemorate the event.
Joining the historic Mariinsky Theatre, which dates from 1860, and the Mariinsky Concert Hall, which was inaugurated in 2006, the Mariinsky II had expanded the Mariinsky’s cultural complex on legendary Theatre Square and enabled the Ma...   Show more
All eventsClassical balletModern BalletOpera
28
September
Tuesday
Conducted by Maestro Gergiev
Opera
The Woman without a Shadow by Richard Strauss is one of the most sophisticated scores for the orches...Show more
The Woman without a Shadow by Richard Strauss is one of the most sophisticated scores for the orchestra. That is why we decided to stage it only after we devoted nearly a decade to exploring the Western European repertoire in order to grasp the style and the tradition of the most eminent composers of the XIX and XX centuries. This opera features a bright, blooming, colourful orchestra, whilst large and melodic arias are complemented by recitatives in a number of unusual ways. In this opera, Strauss had reached some extraordinary depths of sonority and expression. Without doubt, this opera was a top of novelty in terms of musical language of the time. In our days, having become the classical masterpiece of the beginning of the XX century, the music continues to impress with a great effect the composer achieved by realising his ideas.The main opera story as sophisticated as the music does. The way it develops is complicated by appearances of non-trivial symbols, allegories, mixing up between “noble heroes” and “common people”. All this means that you are unlikely to get bored as the story&mbsp;develops. However, beware that the main idea behind all that is as simple as noble: one should not attempt building their own fortune on the others’ misfortune, while the proper dignity is achieved only through self-sacrifice. The production is staged by Jonathan Kent, who is already familiar to our audiences through his production of another opera by Strauss on our stage: Elektra. This production was very well received by opera-lovers in St Petersburg as well as in Baden-Baden and Moscow (within the framework of the “Golden Mask” festival). Journalists noted the unusual staging, scenery, costumes and lighting that all supported the realising of the myth on the stage and creating an environment, which is adequate to Strauss’ music. The same team works in St Petersburg on The Woman without a Shadow production. Full info

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29
September
Wednesday
Opera
This grandest of grand operas features an epic backdrop for what is in essence an intimate love stor...Show more
This grandest of grand operas features an epic backdrop for what is in essence an intimate love story. Set in ancient Egypt and packed with magnificent choruses, complex ensembles, and elaborate ballets, Aida never loses sight of its three protagonists: Amneris, the proud daughter of the pharaoh; her slave, Aida, who is the princess of the rival kingdom of Ethiopia; and Radamès, the Egyptian warrior they both love. Few operas have matched Aida in its exploration of the conflict of private emotion and public duty, and perhaps no other has remained to the present day so unanimously appreciated by audiences and critics alike. Full info
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2
October
Saturday
Opera
Gounod's Faust, once one of the most famous and most performed operas. Based on Goethe's dramatic po...Show more
Gounod's Faust, once one of the most famous and most performed operas. Based on Goethe's dramatic poem, it's a tale of romance, temptation and tragedy, and the clash between religion and satanic powers. Full info
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3
October
Sunday
Opera
Stravinsky's Le Rossignol (The Nightingale) is a "musical fairy tale" based on the story by Hans Chr...Show more
Stravinsky's Le Rossignol (The Nightingale) is a "musical fairy tale" based on the story by Hans Christian Andersen. It is an opera in three acts, scored for full orchestra with optional guitar and mandolin parts. According to Stravinsky, he chose a Hans Christian Andersen tale out of nostalgia for his boyhood. It is considered a short work for an opera--about forty-five minutes--and its three acts, as Eric White notes, are more like three scenes in a single-act opera. Full info
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6
October
Wednesday
Classical ballet
Spartacus, or Spartak, is a ballet by Aram
Khachaturian (1903-1978). The work follows the ex...Show more
Spartacus, or Spartak, is a ballet by Aram Khachaturian (1903-1978). The work follows the exploits of Spartacus, the leader of the slave uprising against the Romans known as the Third Servile War, although the ballet's storyline takes considerable liberties with the historical record. Khachaturian composed the ballet in 1954, and for this was awarded a Lenin Prize that year. It was first staged, with choreography by Leonid Yakobson, in Leningrad 1956.Since the middle of last century, for decades, this ballet was among the most popular and beloved ones in the ballet repertory of the Mariinsky Theater. Over the last seasons, this performance have been carefully restored, and a number of young ballet artists of the Mariinsky Theatre took a great interest to learn the new for them style and roles of the main characters, enriched with a great drama, theatricality generous and sincerely expressive with respect to what is being called simple human feelings.Choreography by Leonid Yakobson features a combination of dance, drama and pantomime. It has a careful attitude to the era of storytelling and original details of plots. Revival of this ballet represents one of the most important periods in the development of the Mariinsky Ballet in the 20th century and its popularity these days proves that they have stood the test of time and now it is once again in the repertoire of the Mariinsky Theatre. Full info
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7
October
Thursday
Classical ballet
Spartacus, or Spartak, is a ballet by Aram
Khachaturian (1903-1978). The work follows the ex...Show more
Spartacus, or Spartak, is a ballet by Aram Khachaturian (1903-1978). The work follows the exploits of Spartacus, the leader of the slave uprising against the Romans known as the Third Servile War, although the ballet's storyline takes considerable liberties with the historical record. Khachaturian composed the ballet in 1954, and for this was awarded a Lenin Prize that year. It was first staged, with choreography by Leonid Yakobson, in Leningrad 1956.Since the middle of last century, for decades, this ballet was among the most popular and beloved ones in the ballet repertory of the Mariinsky Theater. Over the last seasons, this performance have been carefully restored, and a number of young ballet artists of the Mariinsky Theatre took a great interest to learn the new for them style and roles of the main characters, enriched with a great drama, theatricality generous and sincerely expressive with respect to what is being called simple human feelings.Choreography by Leonid Yakobson features a combination of dance, drama and pantomime. It has a careful attitude to the era of storytelling and original details of plots. Revival of this ballet represents one of the most important periods in the development of the Mariinsky Ballet in the 20th century and its popularity these days proves that they have stood the test of time and now it is once again in the repertoire of the Mariinsky Theatre. Full info
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Opera
There are few productions in the world of opera that could compete with this lyrical drama. It is no...Show more
There are few productions in the world of opera that could compete with this lyrical drama. It is not pretentious, convoluted or emotional — here, the art of opera and the real world collide. It was not by chance that Puccini turned to the only book by Murger that survived its author: The composer knew the protagonists very well: at times, during his studies at the Milan Conservatory, he too had to go without food, just like them. Later, at the time of success and financial independence, he was a centre of the crowd of artists, painters and writers, nicknamed on his initiative ‘The Bohemian Club.’ The composer conceived the idea of the opera in 1893. The opera was created to an Italian libretto by Luigi Illica (1853-1919) and Giuseppe Giacosa (1847-1906), yet it was Puccini who shaped the plan and sketched the characters of the protagonists, who differ from those in the original. Puccini was absorbed by the opera and started composing it in 1894, when the libretto wasn’t ready yet. Puccini wrote his opera La bohème contemporaneously with Leoncavallo’s own treatment of the same story. The rivalry ended in a quarrel. By the end of 1985 Puccini’s La bohème was ready and received its première on 1 February 1896 in Turin. Full info
Conductor: Migran Agadzhanyan
Soprano: Irina Churilova
Soprano: Olga Pudova
Composer: Andrey Petrov
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14
October
Thursday
Opera
Classics of the Italian Opera.
This heart-wrenching opera is a tragic tale of love and loss. ...Show more
Classics of the Italian Opera. This heart-wrenching opera is a tragic tale of love and loss. Though the opera is full of beautiful arias, one of it's most well-known aria's is Vissi d'arte.Tosca sings that though she has been faithful to the Lord and lived her life as loving as she possibly could, she was still rewarded with misfortune. Full info
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Classical ballet
The epitome of Romantic ballet, Giselle is a poignant tale of unrequited love, remorse, and forgiven...Show more
The epitome of Romantic ballet, Giselle is a poignant tale of unrequited love, remorse, and forgiveness. The role of Giselle, often described as the Hamlet of the ballet world, requires an exquisite stylist with daring dramatic and technical skills. Giselle (by Marius Petipa) is one of the world's favorite romantic ballets, and tells the story of a beautiful village girl who falls in love with a powerful Count, who is disguises himself as a fellow villager. When Giselle learns of his deception and that their love will never be, her world falls apart and she descends into madness. Full info
Composer: Adolphe Adam
Choreography: Marius Petipa
Choreography: Jean Coralli
Choreography: Jules Perrot
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15
October
Friday
Classical ballet
Swan Lake, the treasure of the Russian Classical Ballet ballet, form the basis of the classical ball...Show more
Swan Lake, the treasure of the Russian Classical Ballet ballet, form the basis of the classical ballet repertoire of the Mariinsky Theater: more than a hundred years ago, it was choreographed by Marius Petipa and is considered to be a hallmark of the Mariinsky Ballet - the Main Ballet Stage of the Russian Empire. This classical masterpiece was performed almost uncountable number of times at the Mariinsky Theatre and in the course of numerous tours. Full info
Choreography: Marius Petipa
Choreography: Konstantin Sergeyev
Ballet company: Mariinsky (Kirov) Ballet
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16
October
Saturday
Classical ballet
Swan Lake, the treasure of the Russian Classical Ballet ballet, form the basis of the classical ball...Show more
Swan Lake, the treasure of the Russian Classical Ballet ballet, form the basis of the classical ballet repertoire of the Mariinsky Theater: more than a hundred years ago, it was choreographed by Marius Petipa and is considered to be a hallmark of the Mariinsky Ballet - the Main Ballet Stage of the Russian Empire. This classical masterpiece was performed almost uncountable number of times at the Mariinsky Theatre and in the course of numerous tours. Full info
Choreography: Marius Petipa
Choreography: Konstantin Sergeyev
Ballet company: Mariinsky (Kirov) Ballet
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Opera
The opera Pagliacci is an excellent opera to see. Pagliacci has all the elements of a successful ope...Show more
The opera Pagliacci is an excellent opera to see. Pagliacci has all the elements of a successful opera and provides a good introduction to what is the opera? Because of its popularity as an opera, Pagliacci pizza outlets have sprung up around the world. The Pagliacci pizza menu sometimes even mirrors the opera theme. In Italian, I Pagliacci means “Clowns”, whereas Il Pagliacci translates as “The Clowns”. For this reason, Pagliacci, the opera, is sometimes referred to as the Italian opera about clowns and is one of the most famous Italian operas. Full info
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Opera
The libretto of the opera is based on the jewel of ancient Russian literature - The Tale of Igor's C...Show more
The libretto of the opera is based on the jewel of ancient Russian literature - The Tale of Igor's Campaign. Text and music were being written for 18 years but were finished by Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov and Alexander Glazunov after the composer’s death. The opera also includes famous The Polovetsian Dances – a bright vocal-choreographic scene that has become a legend. For the 1890 premiere of Prince Igor the spirit of the wild dances was conveyed by choreographer Leo Ivanov, a co-author of the famous ballet Swan Lake. Full info
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17
October
Sunday
Classical ballet
August Bournonville’s La Sylphide, set to a commissioned score by Herman Lovenskjold, premiered in C...Show more
August Bournonville’s La Sylphide, set to a commissioned score by Herman Lovenskjold, premiered in Copenhagen in 1836, and has remained in the repertoire of the Royal Danish Ballet to this day. In creating La Sylphide, Bournonville used the Adolph Nourrit libretto which had underpinned Filippo Taglioni’s earlier version of this ballet, with music by Jean Schneitzhoeffer, which had premiered in Paris in 1832. Taglioni’s La Sylphide is often hailed as a landmark work which heralded the Romantic era. The romantic classic La Sylphide is a story of passion and unrequited love featuring an alluring fairy and a diabolical witch. Full info
Composer: Andrey Petrov
Choreography: August Bournonville
Ballet company: Mariinsky (Kirov) Ballet
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Classical ballet
August Bournonville’s La Sylphide, set to a commissioned score by Herman Lovenskjold, premiered in C...Show more
August Bournonville’s La Sylphide, set to a commissioned score by Herman Lovenskjold, premiered in Copenhagen in 1836, and has remained in the repertoire of the Royal Danish Ballet to this day. In creating La Sylphide, Bournonville used the Adolph Nourrit libretto which had underpinned Filippo Taglioni’s earlier version of this ballet, with music by Jean Schneitzhoeffer, which had premiered in Paris in 1832. Taglioni’s La Sylphide is often hailed as a landmark work which heralded the Romantic era. The romantic classic La Sylphide is a story of passion and unrequited love featuring an alluring fairy and a diabolical witch. Full info
Composer: Andrey Petrov
Choreography: August Bournonville
Ballet company: Mariinsky (Kirov) Ballet
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18
October
Monday
Opera
Le nozze di Figaro had its premiere in 1786 at the Burgtheater in Vienna. Lorenzo da Ponte – with wh...Show more
Le nozze di Figaro had its premiere in 1786 at the Burgtheater in Vienna. Lorenzo da Ponte – with whom Mozart later collaborated on Don Giovanni and Così fan tutte – created the libretto. It was based on Pierre Beaumarchais’ controversial play Le Mariage de Figaro, which was banned in Vienna due to its seditious content. David McVicar’s acclaimed production sets the action in a French chateau in 1830 on the eve of revolution, amplifying the opera’s undercurrents of class tension. The entire household is drawn into the notoriously complex plot, which covers all shades of human emotion: spirited playfulness, such as when Figaro sends Cherubino off to war in ‘Non più andrai’, is combined with heartfelt despair, such as the Countess’s grief at her husband’s infidelity in 'Dove sono i bei momenti'. But affection and fidelity prevail in this most warm-hearted of operas: the Count’s plea for forgiveness in the final act, ‘Contessa, perdono’, is one of the most moving moments in opera. Full info
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20
October
Wednesday
21
October
Thursday
22
October
Friday
Conducted by Maestro Gergiev
Opera
Lohengrin is a romantic opera in three acts composed and written by Richard Wagner, first performed ...Show more
Lohengrin is a romantic opera in three acts composed and written by Richard Wagner, first performed in 1850. The story of the eponymous character is taken from medieval German romance, notably the Parzival of Wolfram von Eschenbach and its sequel, Lohengrin, written by a different author, itself inspired by the epic of Garin le Loherain. It is part of the Knight of the Swan tradition. The opera has proved inspirational towards other works of art. Among those deeply moved by the fairy-tale opera was the young King Ludwig II of Bavaria. 'Der Märchenkönig' ('The Fairy-tale King') as he was dubbed later built his ideal fairy-tale castle and dubbed it "New Swan Stone," or "Neuschwanstein", after the Swan Knight. It was King Ludwig's patronage that later gave Wagner the means and opportunity to build a theatre for, compose and stage his epic cycle, the Ring of the Nibelung. The most popular and recognizable part of the opera is the Bridal Chorus known better as "Here Comes the Bride", played at weddings in the West. Full info
Mezzo soprano: Ekaterina Gubanova
Soprano: Irina Churilova
Composer: Richard Wagner
Mezzo soprano: Ekaterina Gubanova
Soprano: Irina Churilova
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23
October
Saturday
Classical ballet
Shurale is a revival of a well-known work that was
premiered at the Mariinsky (Kirov) in the...Show more
Shurale is a revival of a well-known work that was premiered at the Mariinsky (Kirov) in the 1950s.A bright performance in generous and colourful scenery, arranged to the music based on oriental themes.Since the middle of last century, for decades, this ballet was among the most popular and beloved ones in the ballet repertory of the Mariinsky Theater. Over the last seasons, this performance have been carefully restored, and a number of young ballet artists of the Mariinsky Theatre took a great interest to learn the new for them style and roles of the main characters, enriched with a great drama, theatricality generous and sincerely expressive with respect to what is being called simple human feelings.Choreography by Leonid Yakobson features a combination of dance, drama and pantomime. It has a careful attitude to the era of storytelling and original details of plots. Revival of this ballet represents one of the most important periods in the development of the Mariinsky Ballet in the 20th century and its popularity these days proves that they have stood the test of time and now it is once again in the repertoire of the Mariinsky Theatre. Full info
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24
October
Sunday
Classical ballet
Shurale is a revival of a well-known work that was
premiered at the Mariinsky (Kirov) in the...Show more
Shurale is a revival of a well-known work that was premiered at the Mariinsky (Kirov) in the 1950s.A bright performance in generous and colourful scenery, arranged to the music based on oriental themes.Since the middle of last century, for decades, this ballet was among the most popular and beloved ones in the ballet repertory of the Mariinsky Theater. Over the last seasons, this performance have been carefully restored, and a number of young ballet artists of the Mariinsky Theatre took a great interest to learn the new for them style and roles of the main characters, enriched with a great drama, theatricality generous and sincerely expressive with respect to what is being called simple human feelings.Choreography by Leonid Yakobson features a combination of dance, drama and pantomime. It has a careful attitude to the era of storytelling and original details of plots. Revival of this ballet represents one of the most important periods in the development of the Mariinsky Ballet in the 20th century and its popularity these days proves that they have stood the test of time and now it is once again in the repertoire of the Mariinsky Theatre. Full info
Save15%
Was US$209 Now US$178
View tickets
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Classical ballet
Shurale is a revival of a well-known work that was
premiered at the Mariinsky (Kirov) in the...Show more
Shurale is a revival of a well-known work that was premiered at the Mariinsky (Kirov) in the 1950s.A bright performance in generous and colourful scenery, arranged to the music based on oriental themes.Since the middle of last century, for decades, this ballet was among the most popular and beloved ones in the ballet repertory of the Mariinsky Theater. Over the last seasons, this performance have been carefully restored, and a number of young ballet artists of the Mariinsky Theatre took a great interest to learn the new for them style and roles of the main characters, enriched with a great drama, theatricality generous and sincerely expressive with respect to what is being called simple human feelings.Choreography by Leonid Yakobson features a combination of dance, drama and pantomime. It has a careful attitude to the era of storytelling and original details of plots. Revival of this ballet represents one of the most important periods in the development of the Mariinsky Ballet in the 20th century and its popularity these days proves that they have stood the test of time and now it is once again in the repertoire of the Mariinsky Theatre. Full info
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Was US$209 Now US$178
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All eventsClassical balletModern BalletOpera

The Mariinsky II had been opened in May 2013 with three days of festivities to commemorate the event.

New Mariinsky theatre considered to be the best opera and ballet stage in the world.

While the auditorium is a contemporary hall, its principles are those of famous 18th and 19th century opera houses, with a horseshoe shape and three balcony levels.
This configuration has proved to be ideal for intimacy, acoustics, sightlines, audience comfort and overall cohesion of the hall.
Throught the numerous tests, location of each seat has been chosen to have the best view of the stage. Chairs are highly comfortable, so you can enjoy performance of any length.
In every section, each row of the seats is much higher and behind the previous. Thanks to it, you have a full view of the stage and a lot of leg room.
The Mariinsky II has been designed to create ideal acoustic conditions. At about 18 000 m3, the hall has an ideal volume and is the best within the world’s most renowned opera houses.

Joining the historic Mariinsky Theatre, which dates from 1860, and the Mariinsky Concert Hall, which was inaugurated in 2006, the Mariinsky II will expand the Mariinsky’s cultural complex on legendary Theatre Square and enable the institution to offer the public a greatly increased schedule of presentations. Mariinsky II, funded by the Russian Government, is designed by the Toronto-based firm of Diamond Schmitt Architects in conjunction with the Russian firm KB ViPS. The 851,580-square-foot Mariinsky II will be one of the largest lyric arts facilities in the world.

Jack Diamond, Principal Architect of Diamond Schmitt Architects, stated, “When I was approached by Valery Gergiev to enter the international competition to design the new Mariinsky Theatre, he presented the opportunity to work in one of the world’s most magical architectural settings, not to mention with a Maestro who is justifiably renowned as one the world’s most respected leaders in the performing arts. I am very proud of Mariinsky II and trust it will achieve our design intent, which is to channel the immense creative spirit that is at the heart of the Mariinsky Theatre and its Maestro.”

Mariinsky II is designed to complement St. Petersburg’s beloved 19th century architecture while adding a distinctive new element to the landscape of Theatre Square. Dramatically large glass facades and bay windows set in the masonry exterior will provide panoramic views of the city and the adjacent historic Mariinsky Theatre, while fulfilling the traditional role of colonnaded porticos. A gently curved metal roof will be enlivened by a glass canopy, giving the building a contemporary identity that is nevertheless rooted in St. Petersburg’s architectural heritage.

The auditorium, designed in the tradition of 18th and 19th century opera houses, features a horseshoe configuration with three balconies, offering optimum acoustics and sightlines for approximately 2,000 opera goers. Capacious backstage facilities and advanced technological capabilities, and acoustical design by Mьller-BBM, will allow for the production of the most elaborate and demanding works. An additional orchestra shell on stage and an orchestra pit with platforms that can be raised and lowered will enable Mariinsky II to function as an ideal hall for symphonic concerts as well as opera productions. Other facilities of Mariinsky II include a rooftop amphitheatre (soon to be a principal space of the ‘Stars of the White Nights’ Festival), a lobby amphitheatre, multiple rehearsal rooms and backstage space that allows multiple productions to be performed in repertoire.

In 1860 the renowned Mariinsky Theatre opened amid great pomp. Countless thousands of people visit it to this day and, I hope, enjoy what they see and hear. The theatre itself is a jewel of Russian cultural. We have dazzling foyers and glittering interiors as well as amazing rehearsal rooms. The historic Mariinsky Theatre must retain its beauty for another hundred years to come. We`ve always worked very intensively. We`v just been speaking of numbers and we are undoubted leaders in that respect and I don`t want to come across as a person obsessed with figures we planned seven hundred and sixty performances all over the world while analogous theatres performed two hundred and fifty or three hundred times and there`s something remarkable in that. 

But it wouldn`t be an exaggeration to say that the historic building has for a long time exceeded its capabilities, it has reached its limits.

   

The new building of the Mariinsky Theatre which will be complete in 2013 will expand our capabilities significantly. 

Step by step we`re getting used to this new theatre, we`re getting used to the possibility of adjusting the stage for specific orchestral and choral formats.

 The scale of the narrative always depends on the size of the stage. The stage itself is a standart size, 16*16 m, then we have backstage, the rehearsal room, two side pockets. So the area covered is basically that of a football pitch. All of that is available to sound directors, lighting directors and, of course, stage directors we have everything for that, the technical posibilities are quie unique. The technical posibilities offered by the stage are unique. Basically all the latest international innovations are here, the stage machinery. I can tell you as a professional, in this theatre each seat has a full view on the stage which is not, unfortunately, the case with the historic building, and at the Bolshoi Theatre too. Not every seat allows the audience to see the entire stage. In this building that`s not the case.
I think that the next acoustic test will be in the main auditorium. We`re preparing for that with all due care, we`ll have tested out the different levels of the orchestra pit. There will be several levels within the orchestra pit too. Everything will have to be very carefully adjusted so that the qualities of the auditorium and the rehearsal stage are excellent. In that sense we have only good news to tell you. We have become the custodians of this beautiful, unique theatre space. This is a great triumph for the Mariinsky Theatre. It`s a joy to direct this theatre and to have worked in it for so many years with its excellent creative resources and based on the jewel we inheritedfrom our predecessors over the past two centuries, this vast repertoire, we will be even more prepared to welcome the world at this new theatre 

 

The site covers 79114 m2
7 floors above ground

3 floors below ground

Audience capasity - 2000

Stage area – 1000 m2

4 elevating platforms

155 drive units

The opening of the new building of the Mariinsky Theatre had taken place on 2 May 2013.


The new building of the Mariinsky Theatre (Mariinsky-2) has seven storeys above ground and three below. In addition to the traditional theatre entrance hall, foyers, cafes and cloakrooms, the public areas also house unique chamber venues for concert programmes, interactive projects for children and young people and exhibitions, while upstairs there is a large rehearsal space for the orchestra and individual rehearsal rooms. The areas below ground will house various departments of the theatre (including a library and the men's and women's wardrobe departments) that lack space in the old building. When fitting out the auditorium, stage and orchestra pit, great attention has been lavished on the acoustics, which have been executed in accordance with the highest international standards. The company Muller BBM, a world leader in acoustics, has acted as a consultant for all construction, installation, finishings and interior works. The auditorium of the new theatre seats two thousand people. The stage complex includes three stages, each covering around a thousand square metres: the main stage, backstage and the rehearsal stage on which sets can be installed and productions rehearsed independently of productions on the main stage. Sets can then be automatically moved to the main stage which makes it possible to take down highly complex production sets in a short space of time without closing the theatre

Mariinsky II Fact Sheet

The building, covering 79114 m2, will be one of the largest theatre and concert venues in the world. The auditorium will seat up to 2000 people at full capacity. There new theatre has seven storeys above ground and three below. There is the main stage, a rehearsal stage and backstage premises; rehearsal rooms for the ballet company, the opera company and the orchestra; premises for 1000 various members of staff; chamber premises in the foyer which can house educational projects for children and young people; a rooftop amphitheatre which is to be a venue for the Stars of the White Nights festival; and underground car parking for staff.
Alongside the historic building of the Mariinsky Theatre, built in 1860, and the Concert Hall which opened in 2006, the Mariinsky II will form part of this theatre and concert complex, unique in its artistic and educational capabilities. This complex will reiterate the status of the Mariinsky Theatre as one of the world’s most important cultural institutions.

Exterior
The exterior of the building is made of beige Jura limestone, interspersed with syncopated floor-to-ceiling windows of various sizes, and a metal roof. These windows will afford, from outside, a view of the theatre’s inner foyer and, from the inside, of the Kryukov canal. A glass and steel canopy extends over the main entrance to the theatre (the corner of Dekabristov St and the Kryukov Canal).
A rooftop terrace and amphitheatre will offer breathtaking vistas of the entire city. In warmer months there will also be concerts of chamber music here.

Foyer
The main foyer, with its two levels, features rear-lit onyx stone walls that surround the auditorium and Emperador marble floors. Jura beige limestone walls frame the various windows that look onto Dekabristov Street and the Kryukov canal. Thanks to the surrounding glass façade, the foyer will be illuminated during the day by an abundance of natural light. For evening performances, custom-designed Swarovski chandeliers will illuminate the space. The main foyer provides unique views of the Mariinsky Theatre across the canal.
Public areas have been designed as an integral and complementary component of the building and create a sense of dramatic arrival and fluid movement. A variety of staircases thread through the foyer, including a dramatic 33-metre architectural glass staircase that traverses the north side of the foyer, connecting every above-ground level of the building. The foyer is split into several individual spaces of various sizes.
The lobby amphitheatre, located on the 3rd floor, will serve as an additional space for educational projects, interactive programmes for children and young people, chamber music concerts and artistic exhibitions.

Auditorium
While the auditorium is a contemporary hall, its principles are those of famous 18th and 19th century opera houses, with a horseshoe shape and three balcony levels. This configuration has proved to be ideal for intimacy, acoustics, sightlines, audience comfort and overall cohesion of the hall.
The sculptured beech balcony fronts are shaped by acoustical demands. The use of three balconies instead of four allows for more height between levels and creates better sound dispersion, especially for the rows located farther back.
The production lighting meets the latest demands of artistic productions while Swarovski accent lights are studded in the balcony fronts and are designed to give sparkle to the hall, as small candelabras once did in old theatres. 
Carefully selected with acoustic considerations in mind, the floors of the auditorium are oak parquet on a wooden substructure with gypsum perimeter walls and ceilings. 
Auditorium seats are fabricated by Estel Group in Italy. The fabric was manufactured by Danish Art Weaving. 
The VIP box contains beech wood balcony fronts, leather walls and a Swarovski chandelier.

Stage
The new hall will have a main stage and a rehearsal stage, along with ample supporting areas divided by acoustic doors and curtains. The three stage areas can merge to become a single stage or be used independently, depending on the scale and technical requirements of the performance.

Stage Equipment
The stage machinery selected for the new theatre means that it will be utterly unique. The theatre can offer an essentially endless series of performances, rehearsals and installations of productions. The stage machinery has been designed and installed specifically to ensure this endless working process as well as the greatest possible functionality.
When developing the concept of the stage space, the most exemplary contemporary analogies were used, as have been the best practices of recently built or recently renovated theatres throughout the world. The reconstruction practices and greatest technical solutions at London’s Royal Opera House, Copenhagen’s Royal Opera, Paris’ Théâtre du Châtelet and many other theatres have been employed.
The stage space has been broken down into individual zones, each of which fulfils its own strictly defined function. This includes the main stage, backstage, the side pockets, the rehearsal stage, the installation zone and the loading and unloading zone with its component assembly area. This division of space makes it possible to have the sets for at least four productions in the stage area at the same time. Moreover, at the same time, the main stage can be hosting the most technically demanding production in terms of sets, the rehearsal stage a full-scale rehearsal, the sets for the next performance can be assembled in the installation zone and other sets loaded or unloaded in the cargo dock.
The stage is equipped with a system of rolling platforms and compensators, rising and falling platforms and fixed point hoists. All machinery elements are automated and are used via a control panel. This means the theatre will be able to host incredibly bold productions and the company will be able to work without any technical limitations whatsoever.

Orchestra Pit
The orchestra pit is equipped with a moveable acoustic wall developed to allow for varying orchestral and acoustic needs. At full capacity, the pit is 170 m2 and holds up to 120 musicians.
The pit is also equipped with three platforms: a smaller one in the rear and two larger ones in the front. These can be raised or lowered to different levels depending on the instrumentation and the desired sound.

Acoustics
The Mariinsky II has been designed to create ideal acoustic conditions. At about 18000 m3, the hall has an ideal volume and is comparable to the world’s most renowned opera houses.
The auditorium’s floor is separated from the concrete foundations by sound-absorbing wooden structures.
Solid wood balustrades arranged in an overlapping sequence with embedded light fixtures are located throughout the auditorium to aid sound diffusion.
Uniquely designed 2 to 3 metre pieces of concave plaster have also been installed throughout the auditorium to disperse sound the sound better.
The modulated surfaces of these inclined wall claddings are a modern-day version of the decorative elements found in historic opera houses to improve acoustics.

Rehearsal Spaces
The new theatre incorporates numerous spacious rehearsal areas, including ones for the ballet company, the orchestra and chorus as well as large multifunctional rehearsal rooms and additional individual rehearsal rooms. Rehearsal room walls and ceilings are clad in special veneered and sound-absorbing panels.

Rooftop Amphitheatre
The rooftop amphitheatre provides panoramic views of St Petersburg and can accommodate up to 200 people. The amphitheatre will play an important role in the Stars of the White Nights music festival. 

© Mariinskiy theatre
© Diamond+Schmitt Architects