What is remarkable about the city that gave the world the mastermind of the largest revolution in world history that has kept the victory for 70 years? It is located in the heart of Russia, in the center of the Middle Volga region and bears the name of the leader of the proletariat, Vladimir Ulyanov.
But Ulyanovsk (before 1924 Simbirsk) and before the appearance of such a famous native had a story that was rich in extraordinary events. It began in 1648, when Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich ordered to build a zase fortress from the Volga River to the Barysh river to protect the Russian border from Tatars' raids. The mission was assigned to Vojvod Bogdan Matveyevich Khitrovo, who is considered the founder of Simbirsk, now Ulyanovsk.
In 1652 the city was practically rebuilt, and its main part had a quadrangular shape, framed by a log wall with towers, with a deep ditch under the walls. It was the Kremlin and it was on the "crown" of the Simbirsk mountain. Until now, this place is called "The Crown", here is the hotel of the same name with 25 floors, built to the centenary of the birth of Lenin. By the same date, built a grandiose memorial, designed to perpetuate the memory of a great countryman.
22 years after its formation Simbirsk was besieged by the troops of Stepan Razin, but his army was defeated. In 1773-74, Emelyan Pugachev was held here. Still alive about the legend of a certain treasure troop, which is not found until now.
In the summer of 1864, in a city of nine days, a terrible fire was raging, destroying most of the buildings and taking many human lives. After that, the government allocated gratuitous assistance for reconstruction, including specifically to affected homeowners. And this, in that supposedly heartless, cruel, capitalist time!
In 1916 a railway bridge across the Volga, which still operates today, was delivered. Moreover, it has since been the only crossing in Ulyanovsk, only a couple of years ago a twenty-year long construction was completed and another bridge, called the presidential one, appeared. By the way, the former is called the imperial one.
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